The bizarre outrigger triggerfish was originally described from a 85 mm juvenile found by Mr R.T. Puffett washed up on the beach at the Van Stadens River mouth in May 1982. This unique little triggerfish was dubbed the outrigger triggerfish for the large bony swelling below each pectoral fin, and it was described as a new species, Xanthichthys punctatus, by Margaret Smith and Phil Heemstra in 1983. No other specimens of this new species were found until May 1994, when a moribund juvenile was picked up on the beach at Maitland by Arnold Slabbert of the Cape Nature Conservation Department. Fortunately, Mr Slabbert gave the struggling triggerfish to Roger and Richard Matlock, who resuscitated the little fish and nurtured it for four years, by which time the bony swellings below the pectorals were much reduced, and the fish had transformed into the beautiful colours of an adult bluelined triggerfish, Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus. Thanks to the efforts of Mr Puffett, Slabbert and the Matlocks, the benighted ichthyologists (Smith & Heemstra) who supposed that the outrigger triggerfish was a unique new species, were proved wrong. And we now know that this bizarre little triggerfish is merely the juvenile stage of a bluelined triggerfish. Another good example of how laymen (divers, aquarists, anglers, or anyone interested in fishes) can make a significant contribution to our knowledge of fishes. The bluelined triggerfish occurs from South Africa to the islands of the central Pacific Ocean. It occurs in deep water (usually 75-200 m); and, with its small mouth, it is not likely to be caught by anglers, which is why the species was not previously known from South Africa.